Understanding the different soil types is vital when you need to find the right soil for gardening. The classification of the soil is mostly based on the size of the particles and the nutrient and mineral content. Also, the texture of the soil will also matter. Generally, you must choose the right soil for gardening. The right soil will allow you to grow plants that will contribute in the landscaping of your garden.
Choosing the soil to use in your garden will help you in a number of ways. You will be able to yield more crops when you choose the right soil. You can also save a lot of money you would use to boost the health of the soil. The right soil will have all the nutrients needed for the plant to grow perfectly, so you wouldn’t need to use a lot of manure to improve the quality of the soil.
The type of plants or seeds you intend to grow in your garden will determine the type of soil that you should choose. Each soil type will accommodate a particular type of plant, so you should choose wisely. Here is a look at some of the common soil types and how helpful they are:
This type of soil feels grainy and it will drain and dry out faster. On the contrary, it is easier to cultivate and it will warm up faster during the Spring. Since it will dry out faster, it will lose a lot of nutrients. You can carry out some DIY to improve the quality of the soil. Such things like adding kelp meal, green sand, organic fertilizer blends, or glacial rock dust. Mulching can also help to retain the moisture.
Sandy soil is ideal for some bulbs and shrubs like Sun roses, tree mallow, Hibiscus and tulips. They will also be good for other crops like potatoes, carrots, strawberries, peppers, corn, zucchini, and squash.
This type of soil has the tiniest particles, meaning that it will retain water and nutrients for longer. When it is wet, it will be sticky, but it will be smoother when dry. Less air will pass through this soil, since the particles are more intact. It is the best type to choose for a better growth of plants that need more nutrients.
It is an ideal choice for such plants like Aster, Flowering quince, soft berry crops, fruit trees, shrubs and ornamental trees. Another great choice for the clay soil are summer crop veggies.
This type of soil is darker in colour and it feels spongy and damp. It is more acidic and it will inhibit the decomposition of the soil, so there will be less nutrients absorbed in the soil. It heats up faster during Spring and it can end up retaining more water, when drainage is required. Soils that have high levels of peat will need drainage channels that dug through them.
It is the most ideal soil for such plants like legumes, Witch Hazel, lantern trees, camellia, salad crops, Brassicas, Rhododendron, but the peaty soil must be well drained for these plants to thrive.
This one feels soapy and extra tender. It is able to hold up moisture and it also sustains more nutrients. It is easier to cultivate and you can compact it easily. Suppose you need a soil type for perfect drainage in your garden, then this is the right soil to choose.
This soil is more ideal for some climbers, perennials and shrubs like the New Zealand flax and Mahonia. Other crops that are suitable for this soil include Birch, Willow, Cypress, fruit crops and most of the vegetables.
Loam soil is generally a blend of clay, silt and sand, which has a fine texture and tends to be relatively damp, which means that it is the most ideal choice for gardening. It has excellent structure, with a great drainage ability. It is able to retain more nutrients and moisture.
It is most ideal for most of the plants and crops like vegetables, berry crops, shrubs, perennials, bamboos and climbers. Nonetheless, loam soil needs to be managed perfectly, in order to prevent it from depletion and drying out.
Generally, each soil type has its characteristics, so you must choose them wisely, to ensure that you have healthy plants that thrive. To ensure that you spent less time working on the soil, you might want to choose the loam soil for gardening. It is healthier, but needs keen management.